The Walnut of Hormove

Tepelene, Albania

Business Description:

It is located in the center of Hormova village of Tepelena district.

Its height is about 20 m, diameter of the trunk about 1.2 m. Under his shadow, village men have discussed and made important decisions to solve their problems. It has scientific (biological), didactic, historical and tourist values ​​of local importance. It can be visited according to the rural motorway: Tepelene-Hormova.

Address: Tepelene, Albania

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Cold Water Resources

Gjirokaster, Albania

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This hydro-monument is to the right of the Tepelena-Gjirokastra national motorway, shortly after the branch road to Permet. The fountain rises above the left slope of the Drinos valley in contact with limestone and flysch rocks. The atmospheric precipitation waters that fall in the eastern part of the Kurvelesh Highland (Spruce Edge), through karstic excavations and caves, penetrate deep into the limestone rocks and feed this source.

The slope where the spring comes from is lined with natural oak and shrub vegetation. In the vicinity of the valley, the turnip trees are quite mature. The sound of water, greenery, bird tweets, etc. have long made this place a resting place for travelers. About 20 years ago social service facilities were built near the road. This tourist spot is also frequented by the inhabitants of Tepelena towns, Permet and Gjirokastra. It is easily visited as it is near the Tepelena-Gjirokastra motorway. It has scientific (hydrological, geomorphological), aesthetic and tourist values.

 

Address: Gjirokaster, Albania

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Mulliri i Bënçës

Tepelene Albania

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Maize grains fall into the millstone of a 270-year-old mill in the Valley of Bënca, in Tepelenë …

The water mill was built by Ali Pasha Tepelena to help the residents. Even during the communist regime the mill was used by the former co-operatives. Lefter Bee tells Voice of America that he bought the mill in bad shape. when cooperatives broke down.

He restored it and continues to hold on with great sacrifice. The mills that are still preserved in Albania are few. They date back to the 18th and 19th centuries and best demonstrate the relationship between people and the natural environment and the unique way of using resources.

The positioning of the mills depended only on the force of the water currents: the mills are built where the electricity is not very strong, providing a stable energy source for the strengthening of the mill wheels. The way in which buildings are located testify not only in Albania but also in the Balkans that construction craftsmanship integrated the water mills with their natural environments in the simplest way without imposing on the environment and without subjecting it.

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Kampi i internimit në Tepelenë

Rruga Ali Pashe Tepelena, Tepelenë

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Evasive evidence comes even after many decades of closing the Tepelena internment camp, people point to the time of isolation of Albanians, for ex-persecuted, surrounded by barricade internment camps.

They speak, have mercy, painfully recall the times of a “despotic” regime, which as revenge was the denial of citizen’s freedom, the violation of rights and often spared no life.

But what has remained of the Tepelena internment camp, how it started and how it is drawn today into civic memory.

The stories come to fruition, set on a dramatic background, as the Tepelena Camp was conceived in a mined area with shells left over from the Greek-Greek War, where witnessed the Vjosa River and the most self-sacrificing elephants.

The internment camps rank in dictatorships as death camps by the way they function as centers of suffering and isolation, forced labor, malnutrition and torture for the majority of interned.

One of the most notorious camps of the communist regime in Albania was that of Tepelena, even a real “hell” where thousands of people suffered, women, men and children, and brighter figures of time, such as Cardinal Mikel Koliqi, Dr. Ali Erebara, Dr. Mykerem Janina, Professor Ali Cungu, Professor Gulmy Deda, Writer Mithat Araniti, Academician Pader Lazi, Former Minister of Education, Zef Shiroka (brother of Dr. Shiroka) and other intellectuals who wandered daily between life and death.

The Tepelena internment camp was located at the edge of the Vjosa River in the entrance to Tepelena, on the west side, at the foot of the huge hill overlooking the barracks of the camp, where Bënça Prison was still located and seven miles beyond another notorious camp internment, that of Turan.

In Tepelena camp there were exiles from all over Albania, but predominantly exiled from north and middle Albania. The arrivals were family with women and children and concentrated in groups in a barracks where the number of interneds amounted to 300-600. The barracks were placed one after another bringing the number of up to 2300 total exiles across the camp.

Currently, Tepelena camp has remained silos, torture chambers, iron gate that was guarded by communist-era police officers and evidence of dozens of tombs that have been lost, mostly tombstones and the number reaches up to 115 graves, but there is no figure correct, because the number of dead is some bigger and more suspicious, as it is referred to as two graves that have more than 600 graves.

The guardian of suffering
Neim Pasha condemned by the communist regime with 21 years of imprisonment, where he spent 15 years in the notorious Spaç prison, shows that “when I was released from prison we were brought to Tepelena, stayed in a barracks until I was sheltered in this palace at the entrance to camp of Tepelena “.

Arrived from jail and placed at the entrance to the infamous Tepelena camp, he stands as a “watchdog” of suffering.

Neym says the Tepelena camp was cruel, and was overwhelmed with people coming mainly from the north, opponents of the communist regime.

At that time there was still no law for the internees, but they dealt with tribes and genres, expelling them and entering the internment camps.

The camp was guarded by police, there were room for torture and internees, in addition to malnutrition, were forced to work by collecting wood.

Makabrit has been the motto, the despication of life, the marking of every freedom.
People show, suffering was the motive of the hangman ..!

A resident of the surrounding area who does not want to expose the name shows that “I was a soldier exactly when the camp was closed, but those who heard my ears at that time did not want to tell.”

Young women and girls were tortured, left without eating, forced to work for forced labor.

Torture was inhuman, depraved and beaten barbarous, and often they even … (sma).

One resident shows that: “In 1949, I saw a boy who was no more than 8 years old, who just drank water, died in the country, that thirst had tortured for a long time.

Tepelena records 140 executed, torture did not spare anyone.

According to the Ministry of Interior’s archive statistics, since 1945, which was the first year of internment, 260 people died in this camp, mostly children and the elderly.

The barracks of the camp were enormous, just like a horseshoe (inherited by the Italians) but following each other several hundred meters, as they had previously been the depot of the Italian army and could hold over 300-600 there were many families with small children who caught a little room.

In the camp of Tepelena according to the instructions, all those families labeled by the communist government as reactionaries, kulaks, bourgeois, deceased betrayers, foreign agents, etc. would gather together.

In other camps such as Berat, Kuçova, Tepelena, Turan, Porto-Palermo and then Lushnja, Shtyllas, Savër, Gradishtë, Grabja

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Kongresi i Përmetit

Permet Albania

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The proceedings of the Congress began on May 24, 1944, Wednesday at 09:00

In total, 200 delegates were elected

The decision to convene this congress was taken on 15 April 1944 by the Presidency of the General Anti-fascist Council of NAAC

CRITERIA AND PROCEDURES FOR DELEGATING ELECTIONS

In the resolution of the Presidency of the General Council it was stated: “In the Congress represent the free zones, the areas occupied by the enemy, the brigades and the partisan and voluntary battalions, the Union of Anti-fascist Youth with 10 delegates and the Union of Women with 5 delegates”. In the liberated areas and army formations, delegates would be democratically elected by open casting from 3 to 5 people for each municipality. In the unregulated areas, they would be assigned by district or city councils.

The congressional delegates were elected by the meetings of municipal delegates or army units. In the Circular of the Presidency of the General Council it was stated that: “The municipal delegates, and especially the delegates to Congress, should be selected from the ranks of the most experienced militants and fighters who really represent the people.”

In this way, all the people, from the South to the North, from the field and the army, with parties and without parties, from the ranks of the clergy, the youth and the wife were represented in Congress. In total, 200 delegates were elected.

Why did they gather in Përmet?

Because the Permet province and the surrounding provinces had a favorable strategic position that could be better protected by partisan and popular forces.

Secondly, because the city of Përmet was liberated and thus it had to be shown to the internal and external opinion that the war of the Albanian people had passed from the partisan war phase into a regular war with great coordinated actions , had passed in the liberation phase of the cities. Thirdly, to honor the great leaders of the National Renaissance, who were born on the soil of Përmet, the great poet Naim Frashëri, the philosopher and prominent scholar Sami Frashër and the great revolutionary Abdul Frashëri.

The works

Congressional proceedings began on May 24, 1944, Wednesday at 09:00 in the presence of 200 delegates and a number of guests. Representatives of the British military mission were also invited, but they could not attend.

The congress opened with a short speech Dr. Omer Nishani, who among other things said: “What rights we have won with our struggle, and how will we build it in the new democratic and popular Albania, testifies to this Congress, will prove his conclusions. ”

Enver Hoxha’s report “Developing the People’s Liberation War of the People in connection with International Events”. He among other things said: “What we do today is one of the greatest events of the Albanian people. For the first time, the people send their representatives, who freely chosen them and trust them. ” While speaking of the great sacrifices that were made during the war, he said: “We have suffered great tribulations and suffering with which the sons of our people, wounded, without bread, naked, in snow and storm, but with morality always high, have shown unprecedented bravery, with which the generations of our people will boast for centuries. ”

1. To build the new democratic and popular Albania according to the will of the people, which today solemnly expresses in the General Anti-fascist Council NAÇL.

It is forbidden to return to Albania and not to recognize any government that could be formed inside or outside the country against the will of the people.

3. Continue rigorously against the German invaders and Albanian traitors until their complete destruction and the establishment of democratic-popular power throughout the country.

The General Council decided

The decision to revise and break down all the political and economic agreements that contradicted the interests of the people and the Albanian nation.

Decision on the conversion of the NAÇL Army into a regular army, with a united leadership and a general command.

Decision on giving ranks in the army. Decision on the passing of the Army in the general fight for the full liberation of Albanian lands. The Congress adopted the General Operation of the War Leadership, and the instructions of the General Staff of the NAÇL Army. These are the first laws of popular democratic power.

The General Council with 121 members representing the entire country and all social strata, participating in the war.

President, Baba Faja Martaneshi, Hasan Pulo and Koci Xoxe, Vice Presidents; Enver Hoxha, Spiro Moisiu, Ramadan Çitaku, Sejfulla Malëshova, Dr. Ymer Dishnica, Liri Gega, Islam Radovicka, Nako Spiru, Tuk Jakova, Mustafa Gjinishi, Haxhi Lleshi, Gogo Nushi, Siri Shapllo, Spiro Koleka, Ollga Plumbi and Gaqo Tashko, Member. The secretaries were elected: Koço Tashko and Sami Baholli. The Anti-fascist Committee was elected with the attributes of a provisional government, consisting of 11 members. Enver Hoxhes

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There are many tourist resources, but the most popular are the Langarica canyons or the Bridge Bridge canyons, located 200 m from the thermal springs on both sides of the Langarica River, with a height of 30 m and width 2, descending around the canyons continue to be enlarged to the height of 150 m and the width 10-12 m, making it the most typical and the most beautiful of the country. Of course, the Langarica River, this powerful Vjosa branch for the locals is the “blessed river”, flows through a spectacular rocky canyon hidden between the forests and the Squirrel and the Ravine Mountains and “nurtured” just one kilometer before the point with the ancient Aos or the Vjosa of our time. These canyons have attracted the attention of domestic and foreign visitors and scientists. The nature surrounding these canyons is exceptional, typical Albanian, which has no place in the world. The natural landscape of this river so far forgotten is one of the most picturesque in Albania. Beautiful, fearsome and colorful scenery according to seasons. Four seasons have four different and amazing landscapes. It’s really a mysterious, beautiful and prosperous river. In winter, Langarica is “fired” but can not get out of bed, because it does not allow the “rocky” walls of the canyon. The bed of this mountainous water dam, which begins somewhere in the heights of the Ravine and the Amphitheater near the areas already abandoned by the inhabitants of Frashër, Miçan, Delvina, Melan, Koblarës to the border with the district of Skrapar. Extraordinary waterfall changes during the winter change the configuration of the territory around the Katiu Bridge, a rare cultural monument.

The landscape is truly astonishing: caves, canyons, greenery, trees and aromatic shrubs, while the thermal waters flowing at the foot of the cave caverns and with a slight aroma of sulfur after emerging from the bedrock of the river bed flow into the rushing river of Langarica . Every season, around the thermal springs, locals raise stonewalls and “muddy” mud to create ponds where thousands of people seek to find dermatology for skin, bones, stomach and rheumatoid arthritis during the summer. Most of the visitors and attendants of this environment, perfectly landscaped and highly curative, are simple people from Përmet, Kelcyra, Tepelena and Gjirokastra, but find among them also coming from Tirana and other cities. Both the canyon shores and the ponds formed by the sulfuric waters are overcrowded by the vacationers, but most of them lie in the springs near the Katiu Bridge, a monument built since the time of Ali Pasha Tepelena.

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The ethnographic museum is situated in the Palorto Quarter, which is the best preserved district in the old town of Gjirokastra. The Ethnographic Museum stands on the site of the home of Enver Hoxha, communist dictator of Albania from 1944 to 1985. The museum building was constructed in 1966 after the original house was destroyed by fire. The reconstruction was designed as a model traditional Gjirokastra house with many classic features known to have been copied from particular houses around the city. From 1966 to 1991 the building served as the Anti-Fascist Museum. In 1991 the exhibits from the previous Ethnographic Museum were moved into this space. The house has four floors, all of which are open to the public.
The rooms are arranged as they would have actually been used and are decorated with numerous household items, folk costumes and cultural artefacts typical of a wealthy Gjirokastra family of merchants or Ottoman administrators living in the 19th Century.

Hours:

April to September 08:00 to 12:00 and 16:00 to 19:00 daily
October to March 08:00 to 16:00 Wednesday to Sunday (closed Monday and Tuesday)

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Argjiro Castle

Gjirokaster

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The castle, which is undoubtedly one of the most magnificent structures of the city, sits on a rocky bluff with the city stretching out around it. It offers spectacular views of the Drino valley and surrounding mountains. The castle has undergone various additions and changes over the course of the centuries: The first major fortifications were built under the Despots of Epirus in the 12th and 13th centuries. After the Ottoman conquest of the late 14th century the most extensive improvements were made around 1490 by Sultan Beyazid II. From 1811, the Ottoman governor Ali Pasha of Tepelena added many elements, including the clock tower on the eastern side. He also completed fortifying the full area of the bluff. In addition he built an aqueduct to bring water to the castle from distance of over 10 km from the surrounding mountains. Since Ali Pasha’s time the castle has fallen into disrepair. In the 1930s it was redesigned as a prison by the Italians at the request of King Zog, and was closed in the 1960s.

Hours:

prill-shtator 09:00 deri 19:00,
tetor-mars 09:00 deri 17:00

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